Using Export to create a complete backup in Oracle
Earlier in this module, you learned that there are three modes that you can use to export information from your database.
This lesson will focus on using full mode to create a complete export of the database.
A full database export can be broken down into complete, cumulative, and incremental backups. Cumulative and incremental exports
take less time to complete than a complete backup, but add information to a previously performed complete backup.
Full mode: An export of the entire database. There are three options: complete, cumulative and incremental.
A complete database export will back up all table and data definitions, roles, synonyms, triggers, system audit options, and more.
(You can refer to the Oracle documentation set for a complete list.) To perform this type of export, you need to set the parameter inctype=complete.
This type of export is the same as a full database export, because both will update the tables that track incremental and cumulative exports.
The following command performs a complete export:
The user SYS owns three tables (INCEXP, INCFIL, and INCVID) that contain information about exports.
These tables are updated whenever you either specify the RECORD=Y parameter or do not specify a value for the
RECORD parameter, because Y is the default value.
SYS.INCEXP keeps track of which database objects are exported in a specific export session. This table includes the columns
OWNER#, NAME, TYPE#, CTIME, ITIME, and EXPID.
A few database administrator (DBA) views can be used to display information about incremental exports: DBA_EXP_OBJECTS,
SYS.INCFIL tracks incremental and cumulative exports. This table contains the following columns: EXPID, EXPTYPE, EXPFILE, EXPDATA, and EXPUSER.
In the next lesson, you will learn how to perform incremental backups using Export.