Oracle provides a wide range of index types and features. The correct use of indexes results in well performing and scalable database application. Conversely, if you incorrectly or unwisely implement a feature,
there may be detrimental performance implications. Table 4-5 summarizes the various Oracle index types available. At first glance, this is a long list and may be somewhat overwhelming to somebody new to Oracle.
Deciding which index type to use is not as daunting as it might initially seem. For most applications, you should simply use the default B-tree index type
Note: Several of the index types listed in Table 4-5 are actually just variations on the basic, B-tree index.
A reverse-key index, for example, is merely a B-tree index optimized for evenly spreading I/O when the index valueis sequentially generated and inserted with similar values.
Table 4-5: Oracle Index Types and Feature Descriptions