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Lesson 6 The protocol.ora file, part 2
Objective Describe the use of the TCP.NODELAY option.

protocol.ora file

Use of TCP.NODELAY Option

When a session is established, SQL*Net packages the transmission and sends data between server and client using packets. In a standard Net configuration, Net will wait a predetermined amount of time in order to collect as much information as possible before sending the packet across the network. This strategy is fine for most operations where large data packets are being sent. However, in cases where the sending program is sending small data cursors with very small packets, the default delay will add up and cause significant Oracle degradation. This situation is commonly seen in customized extensions written in COBOL or C, where the program does not collect the data into an array before sending the packet across the network. The delay can be turned off with the TCP.NODELAY option, which causes packets to be flushed on to the network more frequently. If you are streaming large amounts of data, there is no buffering and hence no delay. The TCP.NODELAY parameter is placed in the protocol.ora file, and its exact syntax is:


While the Oracle default assumes that all network traffic has been optimized and collected into large packets, TCP.NODELAY will ensure that packets are shipped immediately. This may result in increased network traffic with larger numbers of smaller packets.
The next lesson examines the sqlnet.ora file.

Deprecated Components

  1. Net8 OPEN: Net8 OPEN, which provided an application program interface (API) that enabled programmers to develop both database and non-database applications, is no longer supported.
  2. Prespawned Dedicated Servers: Prestarted dedicated server processes are no longer supported. Instead, configure shared server to improve scalability and system resource usage.
  3. protocol.ora File: The protocol.ora file is no longer supported. Parameters in the protocol.ora file have been merged into the sqlnet.ora file. These parameters enable you to configure access control to the database, as well as no delays in TCP/IP buffer flushing. These parameters include: 1) TCP.NODELAY, 2) TCP.EXCLUDED_NODES, 3) TCP.INVITED_NODES, 4) TCP.VALIDNODE_CHECKING

OracleNet Components - Quiz

Before moving on to the next lesson, click the Quiz link below to check your knowledge of Net components with a short multiple-choice quiz.
OracleNet Components - Quiz