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Lesson 8 Using the delete and validate command
Objective Use delete command to remove data from your recovery catalog

Using the Delete and Validate Command

Change...delete

Use the delete command to remove data from your recovery catalog and the validate command to check the validity of your recovery catalog.
There may be instances when you need to re-create your database. You may need to re-create some data files, move them to other locations, or rename them. After you do this, the information in the recovery catalog may contain invalid data. You can remove this information through the use of the delete command.
The delete command is used to remove any old or unused file references from the control file and/or recovery catalog. The delete command is different from any of the other change command options in that it will tell the underlying operating system to delete files physically.
When RMAN has to talk to the operating system, you have to allocate a channel. Allocating a channel will beis discussed later in this course. The following example uses the allocate command.

Example

In this example, we will perform the following steps:
  1. Allocate a channel to talk to a disk
  2. Perform the change delete command.
  3. Release the channel.
An example is when you have changed your backup strategy and relocated where backup data file copies reside. The old backup files may still be known to the recovery catalog. The code below demonstrates how to get rid of this information.

RMAN>allocate channel for delete type = 'disk';
RMAN>change datafilecopy 'd:\backup\userorc1.bak' delete;
RMAN>release channel;

Change...validate

When you have gone through the process of deleting several files, you may be unsure whether the recovery catalog properly reflects what is left.
The validate command will reconcile what is left on disk with what is in the recovery catalog.
If a file is found to not exist, the reference to the file is removed from the recovery catalog and the control file.
The validate command can also be used to validate a control file if a recovery catalog is not present.

Example

You have been working with your client's archivelog files and are not sure whether you have deleted all references in the recovery catalog.
The following command will reconcile the recovery catalog with the actual files that exist on the disk:

RMAN>change archivelog all validate;

The next lesson is the module conclusion.